John Arnot Fleming
John Arnot Fleming (1835-1876), brother of Sir Sandford Fleming, was born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland and moved to Canada in 1847 with his parents. In 1861, he became a provincial land surveyor, but spent little time in this profession. In 1857, Fleming accompanied Henry Youle Hind, an explorer and geologist, on an expedition to the Red River. In 1858, he travelled to the Assiniboine and the Saskatchewan rivers to investigate the potential for settlement of the west. During the second expedition, Fleming led a small party down the Saskatchewan River from Fort-a-la-Corne to the Red River Settlement, facing starvation and harsh weather conditions. His account of the expedition, printed in Hind’s accompanying report in1859, includes sketches in pencil and watercolour. His sketches are known for their accuracy and attention to detail, traits associated with his early training as a draughtsman. Fleming is best remembered as an artist, mostly for his depictions of pre-settlement Western Canada.
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